Удзел беларусaў у парламенцкіх выбарах у Латвіі (1922–1931)
Participation of Belarusians in the elections to the Latvian parliament (1922–1931)
Jerzy Grzybowski / Юры Грыбоўскі
Latvia in the interwar period was a multinational state. Belarusians belonged to the most numerous national groups. They lived in Latgale. Latvia was one of the main centers of the Belarusian national life. Until 1934, Latvia had a democratic constitution. The state respected the rights of national minorities. In this country, the Belarusians had their own schools, organizations and the press.
Belarusians were also engaged in politics. Belarusian politicians had socialist beliefs. Many of them sympathized with the USSR. This country used some Belarussians to fight against the Latvian state.
The article analyzes the participation of Belarusians in the elections to the Latvian parliament. Belarusian candidates wanted to get into parliament to protect the interests of their nation. Belarusian candidates had to contend with other candidates (Latvians, Russians, Poles) who were better organized. However, the election campaign ended in defeat. The main reason for this was that the Belarusian population did not identify itself with the Belarusian national slogans. That is why Belarusian politicians had to cooperate with Latvian political parties (socialist). As a result, they managed to introduce one deputy to the parliament with the help of the Latvian Social Democrats. This was a relative success that could not
satisfy the needs of Belarusians in Latvia.